~8000 - ~5500 BC antlers
Mesolithic: tools-based advance . . .
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Stone tools now shaft-mounted . . . greater use & variety of such implements . . . bone, antler & wooden tools (in addition to chipped stone) . . . exploitation of wider range of animal & vegetable foods . . . dug-out canoes . . . dogs domesticated . . . animal population changing to 'warm' climate types e.g. red deer, wild pig . . . lowland valleys too wet for successful habitation . . . woodland settlements . . .

~8000 / 7000 BC: continued post 'Younger Dryas' warming ( sharply rising temperatures * probably warm / dry enough for Hazel to arrive in British Isles * temperatures perhaps up to 2degC above current averages * invasion of what are now regarded as 'natural' species to these islands: Oak, Elm, Lime, Alder, followed by Ash, Beech, Hornbeam * coastlines not necessarily as we know them * many 'land-bridges' across what are now waterways, e.g. Dover Strait & North Channel.
by 6500 BC: average winter temperature 0 to 4degC, and summer-time 14 to 18degC. Last of permanent ice gone from Britain (perhaps as early as 7500 BC) * steady advance northwards of Birch & Pine (which are hardy and can survive what would have been still harsh conditions in the 'winter-halfyear) * water-logged lower ground colonised by varieties of Willow * further sea-level rise * North Sea expanding * steadily turning less wet (higher temperatures now allowing greater evaporation) - but much lower ground very wet / waterlogged - many rivers / streams in the landscape, and not necessarily 'neatly' ordered either.
~6000 BC: Britain an island about this time as sea-levels continue to rise * warm, but wetter conditions from this time (early Atlantic period).
Weather Log
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