1485 - 1602 Tudor Rose
Tudor domination: Scotland free, for now . . .
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Battle of Bosworth: Tudor dynasty (1485) . . . Henry VIII & Wolsey (1509) . . . attack on church & monesteries: dissolution (1530-1540) . . . land enclosure (16C) . . . Elizabeth I [Church of England] (1558) . . . Mary Queen of Scots executed (1587) . . . the Armada (1588) . . . Ireland effectively subject to English crown (1590's) . . . Shakespeare (late 16C/early 17C) . . . rise of 'gentry', yeomen & merchants (from 16th) . . . Elizabethan 'poor law': charity on the parish . . .
Broadly significantly lower temperatures compared to 11th, 12th and late 20th century * the "Little Ice Age" had one of it's 'peaks' during the latter 15th century (the other was latter 17th century) * this period included many severe winters (certainly 'harsher' than modern-day winters / springs etc.), although it was notably variable, indicating a high incidence of prolonged blocking patterns * some spells of warm & dry weather * 'peak' period for the LIA (in British Isles) is regarded as 1550-1700 - a time of notable glacier & arctic pack-ice advance, and possibly linked, the latter 16th century marked the start of an increased storm-frequency across the British Isles / North Sea region; ice floes Hebrides & near Shetland * a temporary warmer, drier period 1490's to 1560's * Spörer (sunspot) minimum 1460 - 1550. Weather Log
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